Dice Toss

Early Years/Primary
Age 3-9


Kindergarten: Demonstrating Literacy and Mathematics Behaviour

  • Collect, organize, display and interpret data to solve problems and to communicate information, and explore the concept of probability in everyday contexts. (#19)

Primary: Data Management and Probability

  • Predict and investigate the frequency of a specific outcomes in a simple probability experiment.


  • Students are sitting at tables
  • Students can do this individually or in small groups


  • Dice
  • Roll the dice graphing template (download)
  • Pencil, markers, or crayons


  • Explain that the purpose of the game is to see which number will get to the top first.
  • Children roll the die (or dice), find the number they rolled (or the sum of the number they rolled), and fill in one rectangle to indicate that they rolled that number.
  • Students continue to roll the dice until one full column is filled in.
  • Ask students: What number do you think will reach the top first? Which numbers seem to come up more often than others? Why is that?
  • Once a column is completely filled in, the activity is over.
  • Gather all of the graphs and discuss which numbers appear to have reached the top most often?

Look Fors

  • How do children add two or three dice together? What strategies do they use?
  • What predictions do children make about which number will be rolled most often?
  • What are children’s theories about why some numbers are rolled more often than other numbers?


  • This activity can be done using one, two, or three die depending on the level of the children.

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