Early Years
Age 3-6

# Curriculum

Demonstrating Literacy and Mathematics Behaviour

• Recognize, explore, describe, and compare patterns, and extend, translate, and create them, using the core of a pattern and predicting what comes next (#18).

# Context

• Students and teacher will gather at the carpet and sit in a circle.

# Materials

• Whiteboard or chalkboard  ​
• Dry-erase markers or chalk

# Lesson

• Display a simple pattern on the whiteboard (e.g AB pattern).​
• Ask students if they can identify or extend the pattern.​
• After each extension or suggestion of the pattern, ask students to justify their thinking.​
• Ask, How do you know that the pattern is correct?
• Proceed by writing a different or more complicated pattern (e.g. ABC pattern) on the board and repeat the steps above.​
• Once students comprehend how to build onto existing patterns, challenge them by displaying a pattern with missing pieces. ​
• Pose the question, What piece or parts of the pattern belong in the blank section(s)?
• Encourage students to justify their responses and to explain their reasoning. ​
• Wrap up the activity by defining the components and rules of a pattern (e.g. the pattern core, a pattern consists of at least three repetitions or cycles).

# Look Fors

• How easily can children identify, expand and justify patterns accurately?​
• What skills do students use when extending patterns or filling in missing pieces to the pattern?

# Extension

• This activity can be done using more complex patterns with different objects, materials or symbols.