Early Years
Age 3-6

# Curriculum

Kindergarten: Demonstrating Literacy and Mathematics Behaviour

• Demonstrate an understanding of numbers, using concrete materials to explore and investigate counting, quantity, and number relationships (#15).

# Context

• Students and teacher will be sitting on the carpet in a circle.​
• Later, the students will split up into pairs or threes to build ladybug houses.

# Materials

• Planko or any other material to make a square​
• Small ladybug toys – lots!

# Lesson

• Tell students that they will build ladybug houses.​
• Demonstrate that four pieces of planko joined together makes a ladybug house.​
• Instruct children to work with a certain number of ladybugs. Start with lower numbers and increase as children get more proficient.​
• Using the chosen total number, ask students to decide how many ladybugs should go inside the house and how many should go outside.​
• Split students into pairs and ask them to make as many combinations as possible (e.g. if they are working with the number 10, students could put 5 ladybugs inside and 5 outside, or 6 inside and 4 outside).​
• Ask students to choose their favourite ladybug house.​
• As students announce how many ladybugs are inside and outside, the teacher writes the math equation on the board.​
• Take a picture of their work for documentation or the extension activity outlined below.

# Look Fors

• Do children notice patterns such as 7 + 2 = 9 and 2 + 7 = 9?​
• How fluently can children make different combinations of the target number?​
• How do children add numbers together? Do they use one-to-one correspondence?

# Extensions

• Using the pictures taken previously, have students pick 3 of their favourite houses, write a math equation for it, and draw the equivalent picture.​
• Scaffold their learning by writing out ______ + ______ = _______ and drawing a box beside it to represent the ladybug house.