# Introduction to Patterning

## Curriculum Goal

Kindergarten: Demonstrating Literacy and Mathematics Behaviour

• Recognize, explore, describe, and compare patterns, and extend, translate, and create them, using the core of a pattern and predicting what comes next (#18).

## Context

• Students and teacher will gather at the carpet and sit in a circle.

## Materials

• Whiteboard or chalkboard ​
• Dry-erase markers or chalk

## Lesson

• Display a simple pattern on the whiteboard (e.g., AB pattern).
• Ask students if they can identify or extend the pattern.
• After each extension or suggestion of the pattern, ask students to justify their thinking.
• Ask, How do you know that the pattern is correct?
• Proceed by writing a different or more complicated pattern (e.g., ABC pattern) on the board and repeat the steps above.
• Once students comprehend how to build onto existing patterns, challenge them by displaying a pattern with missing pieces.
• Pose the question, What piece or parts of the pattern belong in the blank section(s)
• Encourage students to justify their responses and to explain their reasoning.
• Wrap up the activity by defining the components and rules of a pattern (e.g., the pattern core, a pattern consists of at least three repetitions or cycles).

## Look Fors

• How easily can children identify, expand, and justify patterns accurately?
• What skills do students use when extending patterns or filling in missing pieces to the pattern?

## Extension

• This activity can be done using more complex patterns with different objects, materials, or symbols.

## Related Lessons

Identify a pattern’s building block and extend it using repetition.

Using students names, practice recognizing patterns.