Patterns with Unifix Cubes

Early Years (Age 3 – 6)

Curriculum Goal

Kindergarten: Demonstrating Literacy and Mathematics Behaviour

  • Recognize, explore, describe, and compare patterns, and extend, translate, and create them, using the core of a pattern and predicting what comes next (#18).

Context

  • Students and teacher are sitting at carpet arranged in a circle.

Materials

  • Approximately 20 unifix cubes per student

Lesson

  • Place unifix cubes in the middle of the circle. 
  • Instruct students to gather approximately 10 cubes of two different colours. 
  • Introduce how to identify and build patterns based on colour by providing examples (e.g. AAB).
  • Inform students that this segment of the pattern is called the “building block”. 
  • Demonstrate that when multiple “building blocks” (AAB) are combined a pattern is formed through repetition (AABAABAAB).
  • Once basic patterning concepts are grasped instruct students to create a unique “building block” of their own.
  • Once all students have had the opportunity to construct a pattern, go around the circle and ask each student to name and describe the pattern they have created.
An image linking to the unifix cube patterns lesson

Look Fors

  • Can children identify the “building block”?
  • How quickly and easily do children build accurate patterns?

Extension

  • This activity can be done using two, three, four, or more different coloured unifix cubes depending on the level of the children.

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