Step One: Get familiar with Mahjong tiles.
- Introduce the Mahjong tiles to the students.
- There are three suits: Dot, Bamboo, and Character.
- In each suit, tiles are numbered from one to nine.
- For each numbered tile, there are four identical copies.
- Ask students to determine the total number of tiles (Ex. 3x9x4=108).
- Provide students additional opportunities to familiarize themselves with the tiles by playing matching games or Go Fish (Optional).
Step Two: Understand how to make a set.
- The primary rule of making a set is to use tiles from the same suit of Dot, Bamboo, or Character.
- Introduce the three types of sets.
- Sequence: three consecutive tiles.
- Triplets: three identical tiles.
- Quads: four identical tiles.
- Practice playing the game called Set with the Mahjong tiles.
- Each player is dealt 13 tiles as their starting hand.
- If a player has any sets in their hand, they expose the tiles and announce the type of set it is.
- Moving counterclockwise, each player draws and discards one tile as they work toward completing a set.
- After each draw, if a set appears, the player will repeat the process of exposing the tiles and announcing the type of set.
- The player who completes four sets first wins the game.
Step Three: Play a challenging version of Set.
- This version of the game incorporates a new rule that allows players to steal tiles.
- One player can steal a newly discarded tile from the player to their left to complete a sequence.
- After stealing a tile to complete a set, the player will expose the set to the group and discard one tile from their hand. If a quad set is completed, the player needs to draw a tile before discarding.
- Students will continue to play as they did in step two while accommodating the new rule. The player that completes four sets first wins the game.
Step Four: Play Mahjong.
- The goal of Mahjong is to be the first player to complete a winning hand. A standard winning hand consists of an identical pair and four sets.
- A player forms a winning hand by using the 13 tiles in their hand and a newly drawn or discarded tile.
- In this version, players only expose the sets that are completed with a stolen tile. Sets that are completed from the starting hand or from drawing tiles can be kept concealed.
- Students will continue to play as they did in step three while accommodating the new rule. The player that forms a winning hand wins the game.
- Have students reflect on how concealing the sets makes the game more challenging.